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In the Middle Ages, people traveled much more than one would think nowadays.
Voyages were undertaken by monks, knights, popes, women and men, ambassadors, emperors, pilgrims, scholars and musicians, tradesmen, noblemen, vagabonds and scoundrels.

Giovanni Cencetti, Medioevo in Val d'Elsa
The Three Bees
Tracciato Francigena

Via Francigena

In 990 AD, Sigeric Archbishop of Canterbury traveled to Rome to see Pope Giovanni XV, documenting his Tuscan journey through the Via Francigena and the Elsa Valley.

The Via Francigena is not a single path: various routes were traced out between the 10th and 13th centuries.

The itinerary described by Sigeric begins at San Ginesio, then winds through the hills by the parishes of Coiano and Chianni, San Gimignano, San Martino ai Foci, Pieve D'Elsa, Borgonovo a Isola, and Siena.

The second itinerary also begins in San Ginesio, but branches off down the Elsa river and then passes through the more recent abbeys and towns of Castelnuovo, Badia a Elmi, Poggibonsi, Staggia and Siena

Castelnuovo, Badia a Elmi, Poggibonsi, Staggia e Siena.

The third itinerary stays downriver, branching off at the northern bank of the Elsa river and then along Marcignano and the towns of Cittą-Castello di Castelfiorentino, Certaldo, Poggibonsi, Rencine and Siena.

The different paths took shape according to constant fluctuations in the social, economic and political spheres, thus echoing the waxing and waning of the region's protagonists: religious orders, monastic knighthoods, noble lineages, church hierarchy, and the Italian Borghesia.